Map of Ellsworth County, Kansas

Ellsworth County (county code EW) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the county population was 6,376. Its county seat and most populous city is Ellsworth.

Ellsworth County overview:
Name:Ellsworth County
FIPS code:20-053
Founded:February 26, 1867
Named for:Fort Ellsworth
Largest city:Ellsworth
Total Area:723 sq mi (1,870 km²)
Land Area:716 sq mi (1,850 km²)
Total Population:6,376
Population Density:8.9/sq mi (3.4/km²)
Time zone:UTC−6 (Central)
Summer Time Zone (DST):UTC−5 (CDT)

Ellsworth County location map. Where is Ellsworth County?

Ellsworth County location on the U.S. Map. Where is Ellsworth County.
Location of Ellsworth County in the the United States.
Ellsworth County location on the Kansas map. Where is Ellsworth County.
Location of Ellsworth County in Kansas.


Early history

From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America both east and west of the Mississippi River. In 1762, after losing the French and Indian War to Great Britain, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1763 France ceded its territories east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain.

It regained the western territory under Napoleon, who sold it in 1803 to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase. He had decided to get rid of the New World territories after failing to regain control of Saint-Domingue, where a slave rebellion had toppled colonial control. In 1804 Haiti declared independence as the second republic of the Western Hemisphere.

The Plains Indians retained control of much of their territory until the late 19th century, giving way finally before superior United States arms and technology. Their territories were invaded by settlers, and crossed by the development of improved routes for settlers’ emigrant wagon trains to the West Coast, followed by more permanent construction of transcontinental railroads. These brought tens of thousands of settlers to the Plains.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized; and in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. Ellsworth County was established February 26, 1867. The county was named after the old Fort Ellsworth, named in honor of 2nd Lieutenant Allen Ellsworth of the 7th Iowa Cavalry (Company H), who supervised construction of the fort in 1864 during the American Civil War. On November 17, 1866, the fort was renamed Fort Harker in honor of General Charles Garrison Harker who had died on June 27, 1864, from wounds received in an abortive offensive action in the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. The fort was subsequently moved to a new site about one mile to the northeast, and the old fort’s remaining buildings were ordered torn down in June 1867.

On March 22, 1869, Fourteen Pawnee Indians, including scouts who had been honorably discharged after working for the army, were traveling through Ellsworth County when they ran into U.S. cavalry troops. Though the Pawnees had discharge papers from the army, a fight ensued. The Indians retreated to a sandstone cave, known today as Palmer’s Cave. Their attackers set fire to grass at the cave’s entrance, and six to nine Pawnees were killed as they ran out. The others died from exposure without their possessions. A few days later, the post surgeon at nearby Fort Harker, in today’s town of Kanopolis, removed six heads from their bodies, and shipped them to the Army Medical Museum in Washington, D.C., for cranial study.

In the later 19th century, this area became known for cattle ranching and cattle drives. Town life was often riotous with cowboys celebrating after long drives.

Ellsworth County Road Map

Ellsworth CountyStreet Map.
Street map of Ellsworth County, Kansas. Source: OpenStreetMap (OSM)
Ellsworth CountyMap
Ellsworth Countypolitical map.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 723 square miles (1,870 km), of which 716 square miles (1,850 km) is land and 7.4 square miles (19 km) (1.0%) is water. It is intersected by the Smoky Hill River.

Adjacent counties

Ellsworth County Topographic Map

Topographic Map of Ellsworth County, Kansas
Ellsworth County Topo map.

Ellsworth County Satellite Map

Satellite Map of Ellsworth County, Kansas
Ellsworth County satellite map.

Ellsworth County Outline Map

Outline Map of Ellsworth County, Kansas
Ellsworth County outline map.

See also

Map of Kansas State and its subdivision: Map of other states:
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